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ಕಂಪನಿಯ ಅಕೌಂಟಿಗ್ ಪಾಲಿಸಿ Padmanabh Industries Ltd.

Mar 31, 2018

1) Summary of Significant Accounting Policies:

a) Property, Plant and Equipment:

All items of Property, plant and equipment except land are shown at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of an item of property, plant and equipment comprises its cost of acquisition inclusive of inward freight, import duties, and other nonrefundable taxes or levies and any cost directly attributable to the acquisition / construction of those items; any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the cost of acquisition.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset''s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the group and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to statement of profit or loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Gain or losses arising on disposal of property, plant and equipment are recognised in profit or loss.

Transition to Ind AS

On transition to Ind AS, the company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all its property, plant and equipment recognized as at April 01, 2016 measured as per the previous GAAP (Indian GAAP) and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of property, plant and equipment.

(b) Depreciation and amortisation:

Depreciation has been provided based on useful life assigned to each asset in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The residual values are not more than 5% of the original cost of the asset.

(c) Impairment of assets

At the date of balance sheet, if there are indications of impairment and the carrying amount of the cash generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount (i.e. the higher of the fair value less costs of disposal and value in use), animpairment loss is recognised. The carrying amount is reduced to the recoverable amount and the reduction isrecognised as an impairment loss in the profit or loss. The impairment loss recognised in the prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount. Post impairment, depreciationis provided on the revised carrying value of the impaired asset over its remaining useful life.

(d) Inventories:

The cost of various categories of inventory is determined as follows:

1. Raw material and Packing Materials : At Cost including local taxes (Net of setoff) or Net realisable value, whichever is lower.

2. Stock in Process : At Cost or Net realisable value, whichever is lower.

3. Stock of Finished Goods : At Cost or Net realisable value, whichever is lower.

4. Consumable Stores &Spares : At Cost or Net realisable value, whichever is lower.

5. Scrap : At Net realisable value

Cost of raw material and packing materials are determined using first in first out (FIFO) method. Costs of finished goods and stock in process include cost of raw material and packing materials, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

(e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable.

The Company recognises sale of goods when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer.

Interest Income is accounted on accrual basis and dividend income is accounted on receipt basis.

(f) Fair value measurement:

The Company measures financial instruments at fair value at each balance sheet date. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statement are categorized within the fair value hierarchy.

(g) Financial Instruments:

Financial assets and liabilities are recognised when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. All the financial assets and liabilities are measured initially at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial asset and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value through profit or loss) are added or deducted from the fair value measured on initial recognition of financial asset or financial liability.

(h) Financial assets Classification and Measurement

All the financial assets are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of financial asset (other than financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value measured on initial recognition of financial asset.

Subsequent measurement of a financial assets depends on its classification i.e., financial assets carried at amortised cost or fair value (either through other comprehensive income or through profit or loss). Such classification is determined on the basis of Company''s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flows.

The Company''s financial assets primarily consists of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, loans to employees and security deposits etc. which are classified as financial assets carried at amortised cost.

Amortised cost

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. A gain or loss on a financial assets that is subsequently measured at amortised cost is recognised in profit or loss when the asset is derecognised or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is recognised using the effective interest rate method.

Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortised cost. For trade receivables, the Company provides for lifetime expected credit losses recognized from initial recognition of the receivables.

De-recognition of financial assets

A financial asset is de-recognised only when

- The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or

- Retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

(i) Income recognition

Interest income

Interest income is recognised at contracted rate of interest.

Dividends

Dividends are recognised in profit or loss only when the right to receive payment is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the Company, and the amount of the dividend can be measured reliably.

(j) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. Provisions are measured at the present value of management''s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period.

A contingent liability exists when there is a possible but not probable obligation, or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources, or a present obligation whose amount cannot be estimated reliably.

All known Liabilities, wherever material, are provided for and Liabilities, which are disputed, are referred to byway of Notes on Accounts.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

(k) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit is recognized as assets only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT credit entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

(l) Loans and Receivables

Trade receivables and loans are initially measured at transaction value, which is the fair value and subsequently retained at cost less appropriate allowance for credit losses as most loans and receivable of the Company are current in nature. Where significant, non-current loans and receivables are accounted for at amortized cost using effective rate method less appropriate allowance for credit losses. Interest is accounted for on the basis of contractual terms, where applicable and is included in interest income. Impairment losses are recognized in the profit or loss where there is an objective evidence that the Company will not be able to collect all the due amounts.

(m) Investments

At initial recognition, the Company measures its investments at its fair value plus costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Investments are designated as subsequently measured at fair value through profit or loss. The transaction costs are expenses immediately in statement of profit or loss. Movements in fair value of these assets re taken in profit or loss.

(n) Segment reporting

Identification of segments:

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed according to the nature of products and predominant source of the risk for the Company is business product, therefore business segment has been considered as primary segment. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which the Company operates.

Segment policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the Company as a whole.

(o) Earning per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by diving the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, if any.

(p) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

(q) Leases

Leases, where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in Profit & Loss account on Straight Line basis over the lease term.

(r) Employee benefits

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund contributed to Statutory Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the payments are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the payments to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations for contribution payable to Provident Fund Authorities.

Superannuation Fund and Employees'' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) are defined contribution schemes and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations for the contribution payable to the respective funds.

The company does not have gratuity Liability.

(s) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

(t) Project Development Expenses Pending Adjustment

Expenditure incurred during development and preliminary stages of the Company''s new projects are carried forward. However, if any project is abandoned, the expenditure relevant to such project is written off through the natural heads of expenses in the year in which it is so abandoned.


Mar 31, 2013

(i) BASIS FOR PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION.

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except in case of significant uncertainties. The Principles of revenue recognition are given below:

- Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when supply of goods takes place in accordance with the term of sales and on passing of title to the customers.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

- Fixed Assets are stated at the cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all identifiable expenditure incurred to bring the asset to its present condition and location.

(iv) INVENTORIES

i.

- Raw material and other material are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

- Finished goods are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(v) INCOME TAX

- Provision for taxation is made on the basis of the taxable profits computed for the current accounting period in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

- Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences are expected to crystallize in case of deferred tax liabilities with reasonable certainty and in case of deferred tax asset with virtual certainty that there would be adequate future taxable income against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of an accounting period based on prevailing enacted regulations.


Mar 31, 2012

A) BASIS FOR PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

b) REVENUE RECOGNITION.

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except in case of significant uncertainties. The Principles of revenue recognition are given below:

- Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when supply of goods tales place in accordance with the term of sales and on passing of title to the customers.

c) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

- Fixed Assets are stated at the cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all identifiable expenditure incurred to bring the asset to its present condition and location.

d) INVENTORIES

- Raw material and other material are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

- Finished goods are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

e) INCOME TAX

- Provision for taxation is made on the basis of the taxable profits computed for the current accounting period in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1%1.

- Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences are expected to crystallize in case of deferred tax liabilities with reasonable certainty and in case of deferred tax asset with virtual certainty that there would be adequate future taxable income against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated tuning differences at the end of an accounting period based on prevailing enacted regulations.


Mar 31, 2010

A) BASIS FOR PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the company. All income and expenditure having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis.

b) REVENUE RECOGNITION.

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except in case of significant uncertainties. The Principles of revenue recognition are given below:

- Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when supply of goods takes place in accordance with the term of sales and on passing of title to the customers.

c) FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

- Fixed Assets are stated at the cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all identifiable expenditure incurred to bring the asset to its present condition and location.

- Depreciation on fixed asset is provided at the rates and in the manner specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on written down value of the asset.

d) INVENTORIES

- Raw material and other material are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

- Finished goods are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

e) INCOME TAX

- Provision for taxation is made on the basis of the taxable profits computed for the current accounting period in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

- Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences are expected to crystallize in case of deferred tax liabilities with reasonable certainty and in case of deferred tax asset with virtual certainty that there would be adequate future taxable income against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of an accounting period based on prevailing enacted regulations.

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